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Quick-connect  Flow Restrictor-

  Flow Restrictors create pressure throughout the reverse osmosis membrane element and maintain a desired ratio of reject flow (to drain) and permeate (product) flow.  Options avaailable from 200 to 1500 cc

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 Description-Flow Restrictor RO System 

 

Benefits -Flow restrictors

  •  Flow Restrictor RO systems restrict the flow of concentrate( waste)  to optimise water economy.
  • Ensures adequate back pressure  for optimum pressure of membrane.
  • Ensures RO membrane pores don’t get prematurely fouled by dissolved minerals.
  • Different capacities available from  200 to 1500 cc (ml)

 

Sizing Flow Restrictors:

Every reverse osmosis unit has a device called a flow restrictor that determines the amount of water that flows to drain. In general, the flow restrictor must be sized to fit the membrane production size. The flow to drain is usually about four times the membrane production rating, although the drain flow ratio often decreases a bit as membranes get larger. The flow restrictor also provides back pressure within the membrane in order to maintain a specific permeate/waste flow.

Part of the difficulty in understanding this ratio is that membrane production is usually given in gallons per day (gpd), while flow restrictors are usually sized in milliliters per minute (mlm). To convert, multiply mlm by .38 and the result, roughly, will be gallons per day.

 

General Guideline for Flow restrictor sizing.

RO Membrane Size
(Gallons Per Day)
Use Flow Restrictor
(ML Per Minute)
8-20 GPD 150
21-25 GPD 250
36 GPD 350
50 GPD 500
75 GPD 750
100 GPD 1000
150 GPD 1200
flow restrictor08022

Flow restrictor for optimal purified to waste water ratio

 

Example Calculation:  You have a 80 gpd membrane, have relatively poor water conditions including hard water(like in Perth or Brisbane)  and want to maintain a minimum waste :pure water ratio of 4: 1.

80 GPD = 80/24 GPH =3.3 GPH = 0.056 GPM.

0.056 GPM =021 Litres/min or 210 ml/min . 

Hence flow restrictor should be sized 210 x 4 ml/min equating to approximately 800 ml/min.

 

 

 

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